Testosterone is a male hormone. It is liable for the facial, pubic and body hair. Also, the testosterone is responsible for muscles. Sex appetite, sperm production, and bone health are another things for which the testosterone is responsible for.
The testicles produce the testosterone but the brain and the pituitary gland (a tiny gland at the base of the brain) control its production.
Shortly speaking, low testosterone level (also known as hypogonadism) may cause
• Diminished sex appetite
• Weak erection
• Low sperm amount
• Enlarged breasts
Over time, because of low testosterone level, men may suffer of body hair, muscle mass and strength loss, gaining body fat. Long-term low testosterone may cause osteoporosis, mood changes, fatigue and the testicles may become smaller.
Signals and symptoms vary from person to person, but if you feel that something is not right, you should consult a doctor.
Some reasons why the testosterone level diminishes may be:
• Testicular injury or infection
• Radiation or chemotherapy treatment for cancer
• The intake of medications, like opiate painkillers
• Hormone Disorders (pituitary tumors or diseases, high levels of prolactin)
• Chronic diseases, such as liver and kidney disease, obesity, type 2 diabetes, HIV/AIDS
• A genetic syndrome (Klinefelter syndrome, hemochromatosis, Kallmann syndrome, etc.)
The low level of testosterone can be improved with the help of:
• Gel or patches that you apply to your skin
• Injections (shots)
• Tablets that stick to the gums
• Pellets inserted under the skin or pills (in some countries abroad the United States)
Choose with your doctor the remedy that suits you best and stay safe!